Knife Skills – The Fruits

14 Jan

Cutting Fruits

Fruits is part of our everyday meals. Some are easy to handle, bananas and apples for example. Other are trickier : mango, pineapple, papaya….

Here are a few tips to make your life easier.

First of all, learn to choose your fruits. If you want to use them the same days, they have to be just ripe. Neither too hard nor too soft. Especially in the summer or when the weather is stormy. They can collapse within an hour! If you buy them for later during the week, buy them greener and harder but neither too green or too hard, they might never mature if they have been picked way too early.

Also, try as much as you can to buy your fruits when they are seasonal. No red fruits during the winter obviously….

And last but not least, buy them in shops well-known for the quality of their fruits and veg selection.

Kiwi

Kiwi

The kiwi is a very tasty fruits but it has to be just ripe otherwise it is sour as lemon juice and when it is too ripe, the flesh gets a green dark color and is almost melting.

Your kiwi is ripe when you feel only a little resistance of the flesh when you slightly press the skin with your fingers.

Usually, you just need to cut the kiwi into 2 and scoop the inside with a spoon.

If you cut the kiwi for a desert decoration or a fruit salad, cut both ends and using a peeler or a sharp knife, cut stripes of skin 2-3 cm wide. Once the kiwi is peeled, either slice it or cut it into squares.

Suggestions: Sliced kiwi looks really great on fruit tarts but they also match with litchi, orange or strawberries in a fruit salad.

Mango

Mango

For a long time, I thought the only way to prepare mango was the Chinese restaurant way. Cut into 2, skin on, cut inside the skin and inner side pulled out to make it look like a porcupine. The problem is that you still have to get rid of the skin if you want to use the mango for something else!

Here is an alternative: peel the mango carefully then cut it lengthways into two large pieces. To do that, cut it along the stone of the mango, then cut the small part that remains around the stone if it is not too mushy.

Cut the mango parts into 1 cm wide stripes then into cubes. Reserve them in a bowl.

Suggestions: for breakfast once again with the papaya and other exotic fruits or in Asian salad with a lime and chilli dressing. Cut into large stripes and quickly caramelized, the mango is amazing with pancakes and ice-cream or vanilla cheesecake.

Orange

Orange-1

Orange-2

Like bananas and apples, oranges are one of these fruits that we all had as a healthy snack or desert when we were kids. We have all been getting our hands dirty while peeling them and we’ve also been fighting with the white membrane of the segments.

Later, we’ve also been served orange salad with orange slices that were not really appealing as the membrane was too thick to be pleasant.

Finally, we were lucky to enjoy once in a good place a truly pleasant orange salad with no membrane to be found anywhere….

First of all, you need to choose your fruits carefully. Ask for tasty, juicy oranges without pips. You can also use a mix of citrus such as grapefruit and blood orange, the result will be all the more appealing.

Start by cutting the ends off the orange just far enough to expose the flesh. Then place the orange cut end down. Using a sharp serrated knife, cut away as little of the peel as possible by following the line of the orange’s flesh. Cut away what remains of the peel.

If your orange is very juicy, do the next step on top of a bowl. With your sharp knife, cut along the inside of the membranes that separate the orange segments. Slice only down to the center of the orange. Continue around the entire orange cutting out each section, leaving the membrane.

Suggestions: for a fruit salad with mint leaves and a hint of orange blossom water, to decorate the top of orange pie (based on the technique of the lemon pie), for mixed salad, with beetroot, almonds and mixed leaves and also great with duck breasts. The famous “Canard à l’orange”.

Papaya

Papaye

Papaya is used green for Asian salad and is really good but as a fruit, it’s better to use ripped ones. The skin is very thin and the flesh quickly goes from hard to mushy when it gets ripe. Which means you have to catch the right time to use it!

Simply peel the whole fruit and cut it lengthways. Using a spoon, scoop the seeds out of the center and cut each halves into stripes then into sticks then into cubes.

Suggestions: when traveling abroad, papaya is served on its own or with mango, pineapple and other exotic fruits for breakfast. You can also add lime juice and cane sugar on top if you want.

Pineapple

Pineapple-1

Pineapple-2

The pineapple is not an easy fruit to handle, it is pretty big and the skin is not easy to get rid of. Anyway, before starting, I just wanted to share a tip I learned from a visit to one of our suppliers in Miami. If your pineapple is not mature and you want to keep it a few days. Keep it upside down as all the sugar gather at the bottom of the fruit. That way, the whole pineapple will have a good balance of sugar as the sugar will be equally distributed by the juice running down to the bottom of the pineapple.

Now, let’s cut the pineapple. First, use a large board and a long serrated knife. You will have a better grip. Remove the stalk and cut the top (at least 2 cm) of the fruit then the bottom (also 2 cm at least).

Stand the pineapple on its side and cut the skin off of the sides in strips. It does not matter if you have a great amount of those dark “eyes” left. You’ll get rid of them at the second round.

Continue cutting strips around the pineapple until you have cut all of the skin off of it then start the second round and cut only what needs to be cut. Doing it into 2 rounds gets you to avoid wasting too much pineapple flesh and also have a nice shape especially if you want to slice the pineapple.

Depending on what you want to use it for, either slice it whole then remove the center with a pastry-cutter or cut it into 4 wedges, cut off the center and slice the wedges into 1 cm bites.

Suggestions: Pineapple is great with a great amount of recipes from all over the world, it is used cooked in curry, fresh with fish, in Asian salad, flambed with rum, caramelized in upside-down cakes, in carpaccio, thinly cut into brunoise and mixed with other raw vegetables and spices to serve with grilled meats…

Pomegranate

desseed

As pomegranate are really juicy, choose a board big enough to prevent the juice from dripping on your kitchen counter.

Cut the pomegranate into 2 and on top of a large bowl, knock the pomegranate skin with a wooden spoon. It will help releasing most of the seeds.

You will collect lots of juice and seeds but still you will have to finish picking the remaining seeds one by one. To make it easier, push gently the top of your half pomegranate toward the bottom to reverse it. You will have a better view of what’s remaining and it will be easier to get rid of the white membrane.

Once you have finish, get rid of the last parcels of white membrane and separate the seeds from the juice as they will get soft if kept in a liquid.

Suggestions: pomegranates decorate salads or meats. They are also great for breakfast, served with yogurt and granola or sprinkled on whipped cream with a slice of dark chocolate cake….

Strawberries

Strawberries

As most of the red fruits, strawberries are very delicate. Many people will tell you that you must not wash strawberries. That’s true but it does not mean you can’t rinse them!

It’s just that if you leave strawberries for a long time in the water, they will loose all their flavor and texture.

Place them in a large colander and rinse them under cold running water to get rid of any dirt.

Gently rub them in a tea towel and serve them whole or cut them to make a nice salad.

Using a very sharp knife, hull the strawberries and depending on the size of the fruit, keep them whole or cut them into 2, 4 or 6 wedges. You can also slice them but your strawberries have to be firm otherwise it will get very mushy.

Suggestions: Strawberries are naturally very sweet and don’t need anything usually but they are often served with caster sugar.

As a salad, you can add lemon juice, thinly sliced mint and icing sugar or a flavor such as orange blossom water or rose water. You can dip them in chocolate sauce as well or drizzle balsamic glaze on top for decoration.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: